There are several types of two way valves available, each designed to suit specific applications and operating conditions. Here, we will discuss some of the most commonly used types of two way valves:
- Ball valves have a spherical or cylindrical-shaped disc (ball) inside the valve body.
- The ball has a hole (bore) through its center that can be aligned with the inlet and outlet ports to allow flow or rotated to block flow.
- Ball valves offer low friction loss, excellent sealing properties, and fast operation.
- They are commonly used in applications requiring quick shut-off or where low flow resistance is desired.
- Globe valves have a disc (plug or disk) that moves perpendicular to the flow path.
- The disc is connected to a stem, which can be rotated to open or close the valve.
- Globe valves provide precise flow control and are suitable for throttling applications.
- They offer good shut-off capability but may have a higher pressure drop compared to other valve types.
- Gate valves have a wedge-shaped gate that moves up or down to control flow.
- The gate completely blocks or allows full passage of the fluid.
- Gate valves are known for their low pressure drop and bidirectional flow capability.
- They are commonly used in applications where a straight-through flow path is required and frequent operation is not necessary.
- Butterfly valves have a circular disc that rotates within the valve body to control flow.
- The disc is mounted on a shaft and can be positioned parallel or perpendicular to the flow path to allow or block flow.
- Butterfly valves are lightweight, compact, and offer low-pressure drop.
- They are widely used in applications requiring quick operation and large flow capacity.
- Diaphragm valves have a flexible diaphragm that moves up and down to control flow.
- The diaphragm is connected to a valve stem, which can be lifted or lowered to open or close the valve.
- Diaphragm valves provide excellent sealing, corrosion resistance, and are suitable for handling corrosive or abrasive fluids.
- They are commonly used in applications where contamination or leakage prevention is critical.
- Pinch valves have a flexible sleeve or tube that can be pinched or released to control flow.
- The sleeve is compressed by a mechanism to block flow and released to allow flow.
- Pinch valves offer excellent flow control, even with solids-laden or corrosive fluids.
- They are commonly used in applications involving slurries, abrasive fluids, and environments where cleanliness is essential.
- Needle valves have a long, tapered needle-like stem that is screwed into or out of a conical seat.
- By rotating the stem, the flow area between the needle and the seat can be adjusted to control flow.
- Needle valves offer precise flow control and are commonly used in instrumentation, control systems, and low-flow applications.
These are just a few examples of two way valve types available in the market. When selecting the right valve for your application, it is essential to consider factors such as the fluid characteristics, pressure and temperature requirements, flow rate, desired control capability, and any specific industry standards or regulations that may apply. Consulting with a valve manufacturer or a professional engineer can help you choose the most suitable valve for your specific needs.