The Science Behind Low-Light Indoor Plants: Understanding Their Requirements

7 min read

Indoor plants have become a popular addition to homes, offices, and public spaces in recent years, thanks to their ability to purify the air and add natural beauty to any environment. While many indoor plants thrive in bright, direct sunlight, there are also a number of low-light indoor plants that can add life to dimly lit spaces. In this blog post, we will delve into the science behind low-light indoor plants and provide tips on how to care for them.

Understanding Light

Before we discuss the requirements for low-light indoor plants, it is important to understand the role of light in plant growth. Light is essential for photosynthesis, the process by which plants create energy from carbon dioxide and water. Through photosynthesis, plants convert light into sugars that they use for growth and development.

Different types of light have different effects on plant growth. Sunlight, which provides the full spectrum of light, is ideal for plant growth. However, not all indoor spaces receive enough sunlight for plants to thrive. In low-light environments, certain plants have adapted to survive with limited light, making them great options for indoor spaces with little to no natural light. These plants are ideal for any home to improve its indoor air quality or environment. These plants can be available online or you can get them from the Kyari website. 

Requirements for Low-Light Indoor Plants

Low-light indoor plants typically require between 50 and 250-foot candles of light per day. This can come from natural or artificial light sources. However, it is important to note that not all low-light plants have the same requirements. Some may do well in indirect light, while others may require a small amount of direct sunlight to thrive.

When it comes to low-light indoor plants, there are a few key factors to keep in mind:

  1. Understanding Low-Light Environments: Low-light environments are typically those that receive less than four hours of direct sunlight per day. This can include rooms with north-facing windows or spaces that are blocked by surrounding buildings or trees.
  2. Plant Adaptations to Low-Light: Low-light plants have adapted to survive in dimly lit environments by developing larger leaves and a higher chlorophyll content. These adaptations help them to capture and use the limited light available for photosynthesis.
  3. Recommended Low-Light Indoor Plants: There are a number of low-light indoor plants that can thrive in low-light environments, including the snake plant, pothos, ZZ plant, dracaena, and peace lily.
  4. Snake plants, for example, are known for their ability to survive in almost any lighting conditions, including low-light environments. Pothos, on the other hand, are able to survive with indirect light and can grow well in hanging baskets. ZZ plants are also known for their ability to tolerate low-light environments and can survive with minimal water.

Factors Affecting Low-Light Indoor Plants

In addition to lighting, there are a number of other factors that can affect the growth and health of low-light indoor plants.

  1. Humidity: Most indoor plants prefer humidity levels between 40 and 60 percent. In low-light environments, however, it can be more difficult to maintain proper humidity levels. To increase humidity, consider placing a tray of water near your plant or misting it regularly.
  2. Temperature: Most low-light indoor plants prefer temperatures between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. However, they can tolerate slightly cooler or warmer temperatures.
  3. Water: Overwatering is a common mistake when caring for indoor plants. Low-light plants may require less water than those in bright, direct sunlight, so it is important to check the soil moisture level before watering. In general, it is better to be underwater than overwater.
  4. Soil: Proper soil is essential for healthy plant growth. Low-light plants prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter.

Techniques for Maintaining Low-Light Indoor Plants

Caring for low-light indoor plants can be easy with the right techniques. Here are some tips for maintaining low-light indoor plants:

  1. Choosing the Right Plant: When selecting a low-light indoor plant, consider the amount of light available in the space and the plant's specific light requirements. Choose a plant that is well-suited to the conditions of your indoor environment.
  2. Placement and Light Exposure: Proper placement is crucial for the health and growth of indoor plants. Place low-light plants near a window, but not directly in front of it, as direct sunlight can burn the leaves. If your indoor space has limited natural light, consider using artificial light sources such as fluorescent or LED grow lights.
  3. Proper Watering: Overwatering is a common mistake when caring for indoor plants. Low-light plants may require less water than those in bright, direct sunlight, so it is important to check the soil moisture level before watering. Water only when the top inch of soil is dry.
  4. Fertilization: Indoor plants may require fertilization to ensure proper growth and health. Low-light plants require less fertilizer than those in bright, direct sunlight. Use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer and follow the instructions carefully.
  5. Repotting: Over time, indoor plants may outgrow their pots, which can stunt their growth and affect their health. If you notice roots growing out of the drainage holes in the pot or the soil is compacted and hard, it may be time to repot your plant.

Benefits of Low-Light Indoor Plants

In addition to their aesthetic appeal, low-light indoor plants offer a number of benefits, including:

  1. Air Purification: Indoor plants are known for their ability to purify the air by removing harmful pollutants and toxins. Low-light plants such as the peace lily and snake plant are particularly effective at improving indoor air quality.
  2. Stress Reduction: Research has shown that indoor plants can help to reduce stress and improve mental health. Low-light plants can be a great addition to bedrooms or other spaces where relaxation is important.
  3. Increased Productivity: Indoor plants have been shown to improve focus and productivity in the workplace. Low-light plants such as the ZZ plant and pothos can be great additions to an office or workspace.
  4. Aesthetic Appeal: Low-light indoor plants can add natural beauty to any indoor space, and there are a wide variety of species to choose from to fit any design style.

Having indoor plants or we can also say hanging plants are must-have for any home garden. You can buy these indoor plants or hanging plants online


In summary, low-light indoor plants offer a great way to add natural beauty and improve indoor air quality to any space, even those with limited natural light. By understanding the specific requirements of low-light plants and following the proper care techniques, you can enjoy the many benefits of these indoor beauties. Whether you're looking to reduce stress, increase productivity, or simply add a touch of nature to your space, there is a low-light indoor plant that will thrive in your indoor environment.

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Mrudul Mude 2
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