Growth Boosters: How Bio-Fertilizers are Changing Organic Agriculture

Growth Boosters: How Bio-Fertilizers are Changing Organic Agriculture
4 min read
05 September 2023

Organic farming is gaining popularity. This practice once started from house gardens but has been forced to professional farms due to the increasing preference for organic products among consumers. The idea of organic farming has grown over time. It initially involved the use of organic waste in the form of manure and compost to grow plants in a sustainable environment while boycotting synthetic fertilizers. However, at present times organic farming focuses on the basics of plant growth to reap long-term sustainable benefits. This has coined a new term i.e. bio-fertilizers widely used and hence actively commercialised. So, hurry up and order your bio-growth organic fertilizers now.

How do bio-fertilizers work?

Despite their name and classification, bio fertilizers are not fertilizers but microorganisms that promote plant growth. Bio-fertilizers indirectly enhance plant growth by utilizing microorganisms to enhance natural processes in the soil to affect plant growth. Different bacteria induce different biological activity in the ground. Thus, choosing what works best for your soil and crops is essential to the choice of bio-fertilizers.

Types of bio-fertilizers

Nitrogen- Fixing bio-fertilizers

These microorganisms convert atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia which is utilized by the plants. The process is known as nitrogen fixation. There are three types of nitrogen-fixing bacteria namely free-living nitrogen-fixing bacteria, associative symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria, and symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria.

Phosphate Solubilizing Bio-fertilizers

Phosphate Solubilizing Microorganisms (PSMs) are used for the process of converting phosphorus compounds into water-soluble formats to lower soil’s pH and make it easier for the plants to absorb it. Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus circulans, Pseudomonas striata, Penicillium, and Aspergillus are examples of PSMs.

Phosphate Mobilizing Bio-fertilizers

Phosphate mobilizing bio-fertilizers contain mycorrhizal fungi that act as phosphate absorbers. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi are the two major types of mycorrhizae for bio-fertilizers.

Bio-fertilizers for Micronutrients

Some essential micronutrients include boron, chlorine, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, zinc, and nickel, but these are found in trace amounts in plant tissues. So, bio-fertilizers are required to promote the utilization of these nutrients. Micronutrient bio-fertilizers are potentially cheaper alternatives to traditional fertilizers such as zinc sulfate.

Plant Growth- Promoting Rhizobacteria

These bio-fertilizers utilize rhizobacteria or microbes that naturally occur in the rhizosphere of the soil, allowing them to conduct their natural processes associated with plant growth. Achromobacter, Actinoplanes, Agrobacterium, Alcaligenes, Amorphosporangium, Arthrobacter, Azotobacter, Bacillus, Bradyrhizobium, Cellulomonas, Enterobacter, Erwinia, Flavobacterium, Rhizobium, Streptomyces and Xanthomonas are some of the commonly found PGPRs.

Compost Bio-fertilizers

Compost is a mixture of decomposed plant and food waste that breaks down into nutrient-rich fertilizers. The breakdown of organic matter is dependent on factors like temperature, moisture, and oxygen and is time-consuming. The process is accelerated by the addition of organisms like worms, fungi, and bacteria. Such organisms are known as compost bio-fertilizers.

Advantages of Bio-fertilizers

  • Bio-fertilizers boost plant growth and increase crop yield
  • Since bio-fertilizers are organic material they increase overall soil health over time.
  • They are economical in comparison to traditional fertilizers
  • As bio-fertilizers work on improving the overall plant growth ecosystem, they maintain an ideal growth rate despite harsh climates or unfavorable weather conditions. 
  • They control and inhibit pathogenic soil bacteria.
  • They are eco-friendly and pollution-free.

Products Containing Bio-fertilizers

Some of the best organic fertilizers for plants online are made available by brands like Kisan4u, Virus-G, Miticide, Katra, Atal, ZINCOTAC, PROSPER, Keprine, BIO-RINGA, HUMUS 100, Pyrroloquinoline Quinone Novel Enzymes & Vitamines, CLASSIC.

Buy your Bio-Fertilizers Online

Why wait to eradicate the source of all problems? Organic fertilizers online shopping is now available on kisan4u.com. So, hurry up and order your set of bio-fertilizers now. 

 

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Saurabh patidar 2
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