In July 2021, Japan released the first draft of new 6th Strategic Energy Plan. To achieve 46 percent GHG reduction target by JFY (Japan Fiscal Year) 2030, ANRE (Agency of Natural Resources and Energy) proposes to reduce the total primary energy generation to approximately 430 billion litres crude oil equivalent (COE) by JFY 2030 from the JFY 2030 target of 489 billion litres COE in the 5th Strategic Energy Plan. ANRE expects this reduction to occur through decreased demand due to improved energy solutions and energy conservation. Several other key changes in JFY 2030 targets from the 5th SEP to the draft 6 th SEP include -
(i) increase in the use of renewables;
(ii) reduction in reliance on petroleum and coal; and
(iii) addition of hydrogen and ammonia to the list of energy sources.
A. Realizing low-cost hydrogen use –