What is work Friday? The formula for calculating working Friday in the labor law
Working Friday and extraordinary working Friday is one of the things that should be considered when calculating the monthly salary. Calculating working Friday and extra working Friday has differences with calculating overtime, however, many workers and managers are not properly aware of their difference. For this reason, in this article, we are going to explain the difference between working Friday and overtime and learn how to calculate working Friday.
What is work Friday? The definition of working Friday in the labor law and the percentage of working Friday salaries
The Labor Law (Friday Work Law) has considered certain conditions for calculating people's salaries on Friday. According to Article 62 of the Labor Law, Friday is considered a weekly holiday for workers. However, workers' salaries and benefits are considered for Friday. Workers are exempted from working on this day, and if they are working on this day for some reason, they should be paid an extra salary called Friday. In the following, we will tell you how Friday's work is calculated.
According to the law, in the calculation of working Friday, the additional salary considered for working hours on Friday is 40% of the normal salary of people. This special salary is for Friday and is not given to other holidays. Therefore, when calculating salaries in the accounting software, accountants should consider an extra 40% for Friday working hours and the Friday working calculation formula. Also, according to the law, the worker must have another day off in the week instead of Friday. How Long Is One Business Day?
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The additional salary provided by the law for working on Friday is called Friday overtime. The hourly rate for Friday work is calculated as follows:
Wages per working hour x 1.8
If you don't have enough information about how to calculate Friday's salary, salary training can provide you with important and basic information
What is the difference between working holiday, overtime, and working Friday? (how to calculate)
According to Article 51 of the Labor Law, the period of time when a worker provides his energy or time for work is called the worker's working hours. According to Article 51 of the Labor Law, the working hours considered for the worker are 44 hours per week and 8 hours per day. Working hours in demanding and loss-making jobs vary, with a maximum of 6 hours per day and a maximum of 36 hours per week. A very important point is that overtime is prohibited for workers who perform night work or dangerous and harmful work.
We explain the difference between working holidays, overtime, and working Fridays with an example :
Consider a worker who receives a monthly salary of 3,000,000 Tomans. That means his daily wage is approximately 100,000 Tomans.
1. Holiday: The first case is when the employer tells the worker to come to work on Friday instead of one of the days of the week (for example, Sunday). In this case, 40% will be added to his monthly salary in addition to his salary, and his monthly salary will be calculated at 3,040,000.
2. Overtime: The second case is when the employer asks the worker to come to work on a holiday (official, etc.). If the working hours reach more than 44 hours per week, overtime is considered according to Article 59 of the Labor Law. Overtime usually occurs in cases where the worker works more than the daily working hours (8 hours) or, as we said, comes to work on official holidays and works overtime on the day off.
With overtime on holidays, 40% extra on the wage of each hour of normal work for the worker will be calculated as extra overtime. In this case, 3,140,000 Tomans will be paid to the worker at the end of the month.
Note: You should keep in mind that working outside working hours is calculated as overtime only when the worker's mandatory working hours have been completed during the month. In addition, the maximum overtime is 4 hours and in special cases 8 hours.
3. Working Friday: The third situation is when the worker comes to work the whole week and the employer requests him to come to work even on Fridays. This request is illegal and there is no specific formula for working Friday. But if the conditions of working Friday are met, some professors have considered the following formula to calculate working Friday: