The most popular traditional Iranian instruments

The most popular traditional Iranian instruments
9 min read

The most popular traditional Iranian instruments

Since music has always had a deep impact on the human soul, it can be said that it has had a special place in different societies. Although every art in its turn affects the human spirit and mind, music deserves the first rank among the seven arts due to its immediate and deep impact. In the following, we introduce the most popular traditional Iranian instruments.

Even music is wider than what most of us think about it, for example, the sounds that we may have heard many times in our daily life, but we have not paid attention to the fact that they can be music.

In fact, the music we call it can be the wonderful sound of birds singing or the sounds of other parts of nature that are inspired by pieces of music in our world. Throughout history, great composers have been inspired by the sounds of nature to create songs that have not been forgotten for centuries and continue to impress listeners.

In addition to influencing, music has a high power in creating meaning, to the extent that from the past until now, many governments and great men in different periods of history have tried to silence its sound, but they have not been successful.

In this Sazkala article, we are going to get to know the basics of Iranian music and examine the most popular traditional Iranian instruments.

Music of the regions of Iran

In the new age, it is sometimes seen that due to the great variety of arts, especially the modern type, some other arts may fade or even be completely forgotten. But the important and gratifying thing about Iran is that regional and traditional music still has significant followers and fans throughout our country.

Turkish, Kurdish, Lori, Bakhtiari, Khorasani, North, South, etc. music are among the types of Iranian music that you must have heard a famous example of. Also, some people confuse the traditional music of Iran with the music of the region, but in fact, a huge part of the music of the regions of Iran can be found among traditional music, and the music of the region is a constant element in Traditional Iranian music. This is the reason why the legends of traditional Iranian music always willingly add the music of the regions that are like beautiful colors to their music.

Variety in the performance forms of Iranian music

Among the wonders of Iranian music, we can mention the great diversity in its performance forms in each region. Now what is meant by executive forms?

That is, regional and traditional music performances have always been different in different forms depending on the occasion or the type of performance. For example, in the southern regions of Iran, a ceremony called Zar is held, in which music is the main and inalienable element.

In this ceremony, the group of musicians guides the person called Mama Zar or Baba Zar with great respect, and during the performance, the listeners show their accompaniment rhythmically, with the help of hands or body movements, and according to the beliefs of that region, this work is performed to help heal the person for whom the zar ceremony has been held.

Or, for example, in most of the northern and northwestern regions of the country, traditional music plays a colorful role in the celebrations of the people of these regions.  What Is The World’s Best-Selling Musical Instrument?


The most well-known music in the country's regions

  • Balochi music
  • Azerbaijani Turkish music
  • Bakhtiari's music
  • Music of South Iran
  • Khorasani music
  • Gilkey music
  • Qazvin music
  • You made music
  • Lorestan music
  • Music of Mazandaran
  • The music of Namakdara
  • Hamadan music
  • Dezful music

Also, in the more common mode, there are more specific forms for performing Iranian music. For example, solo, duet, and group music are very common forms of traditional music performance in Iran.

In the following, we introduce the most popular and widely used instruments that are used in the performance of traditional music.

10 popular and common instruments in Iranian Traditional Music


Tar is one of the most famous Iranian stringed instruments, which is played by murals. In addition to Iran, strings are used in some other regions of the Middle East, such as Tajikistan, the Republic of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, and other regions near the Caucasus to play the traditional music of these countries and regions.

In the past, the Iranian tar had five strings (or five strings), and Gholam Hossein Darvish or Darvish Khan added a sixth string to it, which is still used. Click to buy tar.


Se tar is a member of the Tanbur family and is one of the muzrabi stringed instruments and is considered a traditional Iranian instrument. This instrument is played with the nail of the index finger of the right hand and has 4 strings. Of course, three strings had three strings in the past, which became today's three strings with the addition of a fourth string. Also, this instrument is known as a quiet instrument and has a delicate sound. Three strings have a sound range of approximately 3 octaves. Click to know the price of three strings.


Another popular Iranian instrument is Dotar. This instrument is very similar to three strings. Dotar has a history of thousands of years and is made in different areas with different patterns. The use of this instrument is more popular among people in Khorasan, Mazandaran, Neishabur, etc.



Tanbur can be introduced as one of the oldest traditional Iranian instruments, which has a mystical and authoritative position in music. The instrument of the tanbur has three strings and it does not require an artificial drum to play, and it is played with four fingers of the right hand using techniques such as the right, left, and small drum, glory, ganache, data, etc. Click to buy timber from Sazkala.


Oud or Barbat is an Iranian string instrument that is very common in the Middle East and North African Arab countries in addition to Iran. The oud instrument is several thousand years old, so it can be said that it has played an important role in music since the past.

This instrument is played by a plastic mallet and in terms of construction, it has several different models that are chosen according to the taste and style of the musician. Also, the sound of the oud is lower than other traditional instruments and it does not have a curtain like the tar and three tars. Click to know the price of Oud in Sazkala.


Kamancheh is one of the most famous Iranian instruments, and if a person does not know about music, he probably knows this instrument. This instrument belongs to the family of bowed stringed instruments, which means it is played with a bow, also this instrument has four strings and does not have a curtain. The fiddle instrument has different models, such as closed back and open back, etc., which are different in terms of shape and sound.


Qichak is one of the bowed stringed instruments in Iranian music, which is played with a bow or bow like a fiddle. This instrument is very old and has been used a lot in the music of Iran. The quick is similar to the cello in terms of shape and playing, and even in its larger version, which is known as the quick bam, a cello bow is used.


Centaur is widely used in Iranian music. This trapezoidal stringed instrument has a large number of strings. This instrument is played with two wooden sticks. The most common type of dulcimer (called 9 sharks or sel kuk) has 72 strings, which are divided into 4 groups and 18 groups. Click to buy a centaur.


Nii or nii haft band is one of the Iranian wind instruments and it is considered as one of the instruments without reeds. The reed instrument cannot be tuned and the musician uses different types of reeds with desired tunes in accompaniments and solos. The width of the sound of the reed is two and a half octaves. Reed as a local instrument is also very common and can be found in most parts of Iran.


Tunbak is one of the Iranian percussion instruments. From the point of view of instrumentation, this skin instrument is considered one of the cup-shaped drums. Tanbak is used in many traditional music accompaniment performances and has always been the best accompaniment for musical groups and orchestras. Click to know the price of tobacco.


Daf is one of the percussion instruments in Iranian music. This instrument consists of a wooden ring covered with thin skin and played with finger strokes. Daf is an Iranian percussion instrument that is most similar to the circle instrument, but it is bigger and has a lower sound.

last word

In this article, we tried to introduce you the most popular traditional Iranian instruments. If you have any questions or problems, let us know in the comments.

Oliver Reed 95
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