Calculation of working hours: rules for calculating overtime, hard work, and night work
According to labor and social welfare laws, employees and workers must work specific hours for the employer according to the contract. Calculation of working hours is the responsibility of the financial affairs of the employer's organization or company. People will be paid according to the number of hours they work, and on some days they may work more than the working hours and be subject to overtime.
In order to accurately calculate the salary of employees, calculations should be made according to the laws of the Ministry of Labor. In the rest of this text, we will explain how to calculate overtime and working hours rules. Stay with us.
Weekly working hours
According to the Labor Law and Article 51, the maximum working hours per day should be 8 hours (Saturday to Wednesday is equal to 8 hours and Thursday is equal to 4 hours) and according to this note, the total working hours per week for workers is 44 it's time The formula for calculating weekly working hours (as we wrote above) is as follows: number of days off during the week x 7.33
Daily working hours
Article 62 of the Labor Law declares Fridays as a holiday and the workers' wages will be calculated for this day. The working hours during the week are 44 hours and the calculation of the working hours of the Ministry of Labor during the day is as follows:
We have 6 working days every week, which by dividing by 44 working hours in a week will reach 7.33, daily working hours are 7 hours and 20 minutes. It is possible that these hours are a little more or less in some companies and organizations, which should not be more than 44 hours a week. How Long Is One Business Day?
Monthly working hours
Article 63 of the Labor Law has declared Friday and May 11, which is Labor Day, as holidays for employees and workers. On these days wages, benefits, and insurance will be calculated for the workers.
The calculation of the monthly working hours of the Ministry of Labor for workers in a month is as follows: the number of working days in a month will be multiplied by 7.33 and the amount of monthly salary will be determined.
The formula for calculating monthly working hours (as we wrote above) is as follows: number of days off during the week x 7.33
Working hours table 1401
Due to the fact that the number of working days and holidays of different months are different from each other, all months do not have the same working hours. Based on this issue, the working hours of the workers are not the same number and they are required to attend the workplace in different amounts every month. The table below shows the working hours of 1401 for each month, along with working days and holidays.
You can use the following formula to determine weekly and monthly working hours:
Monthly working hours: number of non-holiday days of the month x 7.33
Weekly working hours: number of working days per week x 7.33
* 7.33 refers to 7 hours and 20 minutes (average daily working hours) which is used for mathematical calculations.
The types of shift work in the labor law are as follows:
- morning and evening
- Morning, evening and night
- morning and night
- evening and night
How to calculate the working hours per month for each of these and the amount of overtime is different. For special working hours, such as firefighters, the shift coefficient is used.
Calculation of overtime hours
In the calculation of working hours according to Article 51 of the Law of the Ministry of Labor, the 44 hours a worker gives to the employer during the week is considered as working hours, and if he works more than these hours in the group, it will be calculated as overtime hours.
Now, if the employer needs the worker to work overtime, he must agree with him and take the necessary measures according to the terms of Article 59 of the Law of the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare Affairs.
Generally, two situations occur for workers:
- Workers and employees work more hours in the week and after their daily working hours.
- Employees and workers should be at their workplace and work on official holidays.
In the calculation of working hours and according to the rules we mentioned, if a worker works more than his mandatory working hours, he will be entitled to receive overtime. In order to do overtime, the agreement of the worker and payment of 40% more than the wage for each hour of work must be considered.
In most collections and companies, salary calculation is done monthly and the overtime amount will be calculated and paid at the time of salary payment, unless another agreement is made with the employer.
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